[11/6/2019: Eric is safe and sound back in Bologna…]
October 18, 2019
Enna is a city on a mountain centrally located on the island that was pivotal in securing any kingdom unifying Sicilia. It was needed to monitor any invader troop movements in the center of the island that might attack a coastal port city from the inland side. Apparently there were a series of watch towers that communicated by fire light at night if invaders were approaching.
Like other areas of Sicilia, Enna had been occupied in prehistory times and in later times was occupied by every player including the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Byzantines, Normans and Spanish. For general background click on this link:
Enna is built on a limestone formation which include aquifers that provides an abundant water source. No rivers were needed to establish the city or its fortifications on this mountain.
The city is located here:
The slave rebellion was triggered by terrible conditions and a very large population ratio of slaves to masters under Roman rule. Here is a link to information on the 1st Servile War:
Here is a high level biography on Euno: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eunus
A classic Sicilian lunch…
I came across a church called the Sanctuary of Papardura. Around 1600 AD Christians were praying in a cave and apparently a miracle of an image of the crucifiction of Christ became visible when some loose rock fell from the roof of the cave. The caves are still there and look like they were used at one point by the Roman Catholic Byzantines as tombs. The annual festival held in September is an annual pilgrimage to celebrate the miracle and live their faith.
Here is a link to the Sanctuary of Papardura:
The art took my breath away.
The following images were of things I saw wandering around Enna:
On to the next city…